Universal Healthcare Act

By Craig DeLue
Sep 28,2017
Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Universal Healthcare Act

Universal Healthcare Act


The Universal Healthcare Act (UHA)​​ will​​ provide healthcare coverage to all​​ people​​ in the United States.​​ Costs shall be split between Individuals and the Federal Government. Individuals’ share of costs shall be in the form of Deductibles which will be based on Age and Income. Older,​​ wealthier residents will bear​​ the majority of the​​ out of pocket​​ expense.


The UHA shall substantially or completely replace coverage currently provided​​ by​​ Private Insurance, the VA, Medicare, Medicaid and other Government programs.​​ The healthcare delivery system shall be fully private.


The UHA​​ will​​ reduce the cost of healthcare​​ through Tort Reform, eliminating private insurers as primary payers,​​ and by providing individuals with a powerful incentive to make wise healthcare spending choices.​​ The incentive will be a tax free annual refund of unspent Health Savings Account dollars.​​ The UHA​​ will​​ be financially predictable and​​ sustainable by limiting the Government’s healthcare expense to no more than half of national healthcare spending.


The UHA decouples healthcare coverage from employment. However,​​ the incentive to work is maintained by allowing employers to partially or completely cover an employee’s healthcare deductible via tax​​ advantaged​​ contributions to the employee’s Refundable Health Savings Account.​​ Additionally, businesses will be relieved from job crushing healthcare mandates and regulations.​​ 


Under the UHA everyone will be covered, the young, the old, the rich, the poor, and people with pre-existing conditions, and there will be no limitations on an individual’s choice of doctors.​​ Veterans will have access to private healthcare providers, just like everybody else.​​ 


UHA Key​​ Elements:


  • Healthcare Deductibles​​ - All families and individuals shall be subject to healthcare deductibles based on​​ a scale that rises with​​ age​​ and income.​​ 


  • Refundable​​ Health Savings Accounts (RHSAs)​​ - Refundable​​ Health Savings Accounts​​ will​​ be established for every​​ American​​ family and individual​​ with contribution limits equal to their healthcare deductible.​​ ​​ All contributions made​​ to RHSAs​​ by individuals and employers shall be tax advantaged.​​ Any unspent​​ RHSA​​ dollars shall be annually refundable to the account holder​​ tax free.


  • Subsidies​​ -​​ Taxpayers shall fund, in part or fully,​​ RHSAs for low income, veteran and active duty Americans.​​ Cost of living adjusted income shall be used to determine​​ ‘low income’ subsidies.​​ Unspent subsidized​​ RHSA dollars shall be annually refundable​​ to the account holder​​ tax free.​​ 


  • Government​​ Cost Containment​​ -​​ The 55% Solution​​ - The total of​​ unsubsidized​​ RHSAs/Deductibles​​ shall equal​​ 55%​​ of the prior year’s national healthcare spending,​​ thereby perpetually limiting Government paid healthcare expense to no more than​​ about​​ half of​​ the​​ total national healthcare expense.​​ 


  • RHSA​​ Income​​ Deduction​​ -​​ All income​​ shall be subject to a​​ pretax deduction of 7%​​ to fund​​ Family/Individual​​ RHSAs. The deduction shall cease once​​ an​​ RHSA is fully funded (RHSA balance equals​​ Deductible). Employers may​​ relieve employees of the 7% income deduction by​​ fully funding​​ employee accounts​​ with​​ tax deductable​​ contributions.​​ 


  • Tort Reform​​ -​​ A​​ Medical​​ Error​​ Reimbursement​​ Schedule​​ will​​ replace​​ all tortious claims.​​ The​​ Reimbursement​​ Schedule shall be based on​​ existing​​ settlement data.​​ A​​ Demerit​​ System shall​​ be implemented to hold healthcare professionals accountable for medical mistakes.​​ The accumulation of​​ Demerits​​ will trigger​​ penalties ranging from additional training to license revocation.


  • Pricing Transparency​​ -​​ All healthcare providers shall be required to publish prices.


The Deductible Advantage

About half of Americans are covered under Employer plans. Employee premium contributions average about $1,300 for a Single plan and $5,000 for a​​ Family plan. These premium contributions represent​​ an annual expense​​ for​​ the employee regardless of whether or not they require any healthcare.​​ If​​ premium contributions​​ where​​ in the form of​​ a deductible,​​ unspent dollars would​​ remain​​ with the​​ employee.


Dollars spent on premiums create an incentive to spend as much as possible on healthcare as it is human nature for people to​​ try and​​ maximize the value of their investment. Deductibles create an incentive to spend as little as possible as saved dollars are dollars that can be spent or invested​​ by the​​ individual​​ elsewhere.


Healthcare deductibles have the effect of​​ applying​​ downward pressure on healthcare costs by incentivizing​​ people to spend wisely​​ in order to save​​ their​​ money.​​ This effect is magnified by Refundable Health Savings Accounts which provide individuals with the opportunity to not only save their dollars, but also pocket​​ RHSA​​ dollars​​ contributed by​​ employers, tax free.


The​​ Economic​​ Advantage

The UHA liberates employers from the significant expense of complying with existing healthcare regulations and mandates as well as the administrative expense of sourcing and offering private healthcare plans to employees. These​​ savings can be invested in upgrading operations and expansion which have a positive effect on employment.​​ Additionally, the elimination of current regulations that perversely incentivize employers to limit hiring and employee hours will also have a positive effect on employment.​​ 


American businesses, unfettered by healthcare mandates, will be more competitive globally. The combinations of reduced business expense and increased global competitiveness will fuel a hiring boom. As​​ companies​​ compete for employees,​​ wages will rise and companies will have an incentive beyond tax savings to contribute to employee RHSAs.​​ 


The​​ National Healthcare Spending​​ Advantage

Healthcare spending in the United States is​​ currently about $3.2 trillion with Government covering about 55% of the expense, or about $1.76 trillion.


The UHA incorporates several​​ powerful​​ healthcare cost reduction measures. The annual National Healthcare Savings from reduced healthcare expenses​​ would be:


  • 10% Reduction - Saves $320 billion

  • 20% Reduction - Saves $640 billion​​ (Annual Medicare budget)

  • 30% Reduction - Saves $960 billion


Facts for Consideration​​ 


  • About $3.2 trillion is spent​​ on healthcare annually, or roughly $10,000 per person

  • Government pays 50-60% of healthcare expenditures, between $1.6-$1.9 trillion

  • Healthcare spending on seniors is about 5 times what’s spent on children and nearly 3 times what’s spent on working age Americans

  • On average, seniors’ net worth is about 25 times greater than the net worth of people under 35 and nearly 3 times greater​​ than Americans age 35 to 55

  • About 155 million Americans receive healthcare coverage through an employer

  • Employers on average contribute about $5,000 to the premium for a Single plan and $13,300 for a Family plan

  • Employee premium contributions for a Single plan average about $1,300 and about $5,000​​ for a Family plan

  • The average deductible for a Single plan is about $1,500

  • The average employee’s premium and deductible expense is about $2,800 for a Single plan and over $6,500 for a Family plan


The​​ Deductible Math

Assuming that the UHA results in a 15% reduction in national healthcare expense, the amount spent on health care would be $2.72 trillion.​​ Fifty-five percent of $2.72 trillion is $1.5 trillion which is the total​​ unsubsidized​​ deductible amount that the deductible schedule would target.


Children would be incorporated into Family deductibles and low​​ income people would receive taxpayer RHSA subsidies to cover their deductibles​​ leaving about​​ 187 million Americans​​ to​​ share​​ the​​ $1.5 trillion​​ unsubsidized deductibles​​ total, an average of​​ about​​ $8,000 per person.


As previously mentioned, deductibles will scale with age meaning that the deductibles for younger people will be significantly less than the $8,000 average while deductibles for older Americans will be significantly more than the average.​​ 


It’s important to remember that a deductible is not an expense unless healthcare services are rendered, and even then employees​​ can expect their​​ deductible expense to be largely covered by their employers through RHSA contributions.​​ Plus, people under the current system​​ are, on average, subject to a $2,800 expense for a single plan and $6,500 for a family plan.


The combination of employer RHSA contributions and​​ individuals​​ realizing​​ costs​​ only when healthcare services are used will result in less out of pocket expense for the majority of unsubsidized Americans under the UHA.



Good public policy should meet at least three criteria:

  • It’s in the public interest

  • The policy has broad public support

  • The cost and benefits are distributed fairly


Health is among the most important issues in most people’s lives. Universal healthcare coverage that maintains the quality of American healthcare is clearly in the public interest and polling indicates strong public support for universal coverage.


In terms of fairness, it is only fair that young people who use far less healthcare than older people pay significantly less and that older people pay more. This is particularly true considering that older Americans tend to have far more financial resources than younger Americans.






Contact the author:

Craig DeLue


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *